The world's first walking fatality in a car accident was a 44-year-old London resident, a housewife, who died in the Cristal Palace neighborhood on August 17, 1896. After the death certificate was issued, the coroner expressed the hope that “a similar thing will never happen again.” Unfortunately, time has revealed a completely different reality.

 The first car accident involving a pedestrian in Poland? March 1, 1926 - a car hit the pavement along which 81-year-old inhabitant of the Konopki village was walking. As a result of his injuries, the man died in hospital.

For obvious reasons, accidents involving pedestrians most often occur in the fall and winter months, when it gets dark faster and the weather conditions are unfavorable, pedestrians are then less visible and become more exposed to various road incidents. Additionally, a disturbing fact that the police statistics show is that most accidents, contrary to appearances, do not occur on poorly lit intercity roads, but in built-up areas and in places intended for pedestrian traffic.
According to data provided by the police headquarters, in 2019 there were 3,696 road accidents at pedestrian crossings alone, in which as many as 250 people died, while 3,646 people were injured. Importantly, not giving way to pedestrians at a pedestrian crossing is the cause of 2,924 accidents and is the third leading cause of fall road accindents. The road infrastructure itself is also important - including pedestrian crossings. The first stage of the audit of pedestrian crossings on national roads by the General Directorate for National Roads and Motorways shows that as many as 70% of them require changes - to improve pedestrian safety. In almost every seventh passage, the need for additional lighting was indicated.

Due to the fact that human eyesight is not very well adapted to night vision, it becomes necessary to use newer technical and legal solutions in the field of artificial lighting, which improves visibility on the road at night.

We distinguish three basic problems related to road safety at night:

  • the occurrence of glare
  • estimating distance
  • seeing obstacles or other road users (pedestrians)

From the driver's point of view, it is important to quickly identify a pedestrian on the road. We will achieve this by creating a contrast between a pedestrian's figure and the background of the road. we can distinguish two types of contrast: negative contrast - i.e. a dark silhouette on a light background or positive contrast - a light silhouette on a dark background, thanks to the use of special transition lighting. It should be remembered to provide drivers approaching the crossing and then the passing crossing, appropriate conditions for adapting their eyesight to changing lighting conditions.  Therefore, to improve traffic safety, it is beneficial to illuminate not only the zone of the crossing itself, but also the zones of the road in front of and behind the crossing. The differentiation of the color of the light from the lamps illuminating the crossing zone and the road is also conducive to the recognition of the crossing, as well as its correct marking, with the use of road signs that will ensure adequate visibility and legibility in all weather conditions, e.g. thanks to dedicated lighting to illuminate the pedestrian crossing implemented with specific lighting solutions, consisting in the use of lighting fixtures with asymmetric light distribution, ensuring positive contrast of the luminance of the pedestrian's silhouette, placed in an appropriate configuration in front of the pedestrian crossing in accordance with the direction of traffic, or the use of illuminated road signs, i.e. where the internal light source is placed under the transparent face of the sign or on the edge of the light-conducting plate constituting the shield of a road sign.